Autism is a complex neurological and developmental disability that is diagnosed during the first two or three years of life. There are three domains where Autism presents itself: lack of (or limited) verbal and communication skills; lack of (or limited) social and play skills; and excessive stereotypic or repetitive behaviors. Autism is a spectrum disorder, and no two kids with Autism will act or behave the same.

 

What causes Autism?

Unfortunately, professionals still don’t know. Many of the cases are idiopathic, which means the cause is unknown.

Just as there are different levels of severity and combinations of symptoms of Autism, there may also be multiple causes. The best scientific evidence available today points us to multiple variables and combinations of causes- there are multiple genetic components that may cause Autism on their own, or possibly when combined with exposure to undetermined environmental triggers.

Though there is no single cause or cure; Autism is treatable. Early diagnosis paired with early and intensive behavioral intervention will lead to socially significant and improved outcomes.

Prevalence

             Autism is the most common of the Pervasive Developmental Disorders, impacting an estimated 1 in 68 children (Center for Disease Control Prevention).

             Autism is not limited by racial, ethnic or social boundaries, family income levels, lifestyle choices or educational levels.
             Autism can impact any family and any child.

             Although the overall incidence of Autism is consistent across the globe, it is five times more prevalent in boys (1 in 42) than in girls (1 in 189).

The Autism Awareness Ribbon

 

 

The puzzle pattern of this ribbon reflects the mystery and complexity of autism. The different colors and shapes represents the diversity of people and families living with this disorder. The brightness of the ribbon signals hope. Hope through research and increasing awareness in people like you.

 
 
 
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